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June 11, 2021
“Though an old man, I am but a young gardener.”
– Thomas Jefferson, a life-long gardener, writing in 1811 when he was 68 years old
Order Iris NOW for Delivery This Summer
Last year’s summer iris sale was such a hit that we’re doing it again this year!
Starting right now you can order iris for delivery in late July and early August which is the traditional time for transplanting iris.
That’s coming up soon, and our supply is limited – so we suggest you order now!
My Last Newsletter: Farewell, Readers and Friends
Four years ago this month I retired and passed the torch to my beloved employees Vanessa, Rita, and Justin.
I continued writing this newsletter, though, to help them out and because I enjoyed it so much. But now that I have three young grandsons to play with plus a garden that calls to me every morning when I should be writing, I’ve decided that this issue will be my last.
We launched the newsletter in September 2002 as a way to spread our love of historic bulbs and gardens and to help our readers learn how to grow bulbs better. In the 242 issues we’ve published since then, I hope we’ve also made you laugh, given you something to think about now and then, and helped you feel more a part of that vast fellowship of gardeners that spans the globe and transcends time.
What’s next? Vanessa, Rita, and Justin are trying to figure that out right now, so stay tuned and keep your fingers crossed.
As for me, thanks for reading! I couldn’t have done it without you, and I’ll truly miss you.
A Year of Dahlia Farming in 86 Seconds
Most of our dahlia tubers come from a couple of small family farms in Oregon and New Hampshire. Others, though, are grown in the Netherlands, where dahlia-farming is a big, modern, and impressively efficient business.
If you have 86 seconds to spare, here’s a fascinating YouTube video that shows how dahlia tubers are produced over there, from rooting the cuttings in vast greenhouses, to planting them out by hand lying face-down on special trailers pulled by tractors, to digging and cleaning them in the fall.
If you’re like us, we bet you’ll watch it more than once.
Lessons Learned from a Lifetime of Gardening
I’ve been gardening since I was seven or eight, inspired by a love of nature and a grandmother who nurtured me along with her plants.
And though I’m still constantly learning, here are a few of the lessons the garden has taught me so far and that guide me today. Hopefully some of them will resonate with you, and maybe get you thinking about what you’ve learned so far and what guides you today in nurturing your own little bit of paradise.
Garden for yourself. There’s nothing wrong with making your front yard look good for the neighbors, or planting native plants for pollinators, and so on. But the garden is one of the few places in life where you can truly follow your own heart, and I think you’ll find it’s a lot more fun when you do that. But please remember ….
Your garden is their home. The older I get, the more I feel for the thousands of tiny creatures that live in my garden: bees, ants, worms, spiders, and all the rest. Most of them are good for the planet, they work harder than I do, and they love my garden, too! Now instead of being a clueless Godzilla rampaging through their world, I look out for them – and that has made my gardening more interesting and satisfying.
It’s mostly about the plants. Garden history books usually emphasize design and constructed features rather than plants, and some garden magazines do that, too. But for most of us gardeners, plants are the heart of the garden. They’re why we garden. Sure, we like to arrange them so they look good, and we probably have some garden furnishings, but we’re not landscape architects, we’re plant lovers. Embrace that.
Step one is paying attention. It’s a lot like “showing up” for your kids. If you’re not out there really looking at your plants on a regular basis, you’re not going to know what’s going on and small problems – weeds, pests, whatever – will soon become big ones. Also, nothing can teach you as much about your plants as they will, if you’re paying attention, and the more you look closely at them, the more you’ll enjoy them.
Don’t be daunted by the hype. It’s easy to get seduced by photos of a spectacular garden, a blog post about how easy it is to grow something, or an enticing catalog description. But reality often falls short of these rosy visions, and that can get discouraging. Instead, remind yourself that much of what you see and read about gardening is more like la-de-da Hollywood movies than the real world and you’ll be a much happier gardener.
You will make mistakes. Lots of mistakes. Learn from them and it will lessen the sting, plus you’ll do better next time. And forgive yourself. Not everything is in your control, and no one is perfect – just like in the rest of life.
Editing is more important than planting. Adding new plants to the garden is fun, but since plants are always growing and changing – and since we all make mistakes – it’s good to keep looking at your garden with a critical eye and pruning this, moving that, and getting rid of plants you no longer love. Without editing, no garden will ever look its best. And sometimes you need to be ruthless about it.
Weeding is endless. Learn to love it. Weeds will always be a part of your garden, and once you accept that, plan for it, and keep after them, you may find that what was once a dreaded chore is relaxing, even soothing, and gives you time to enjoy your garden up close while your thoughts wander freely. How could you not like that?
Start early, go late. We all love spring, but it’s not much fun when it gets so busy that you feel rushed and overwhelmed. I’m sure I’ll never avoid that completely, but I’ve learned to garden longer in the fall, doing as much as I can then so I won’t have to do it in the spring, and then I start again as early as I can in the spring. Yes, it’s cold, and I have to push myself to get out there, but the payoff is worth it, and I’ve come to actually enjoy doing it.
Cultivate anticipation. Looking ahead is one of the greatest pleasures in gardening, so make the most of it. Daydream about your newly-planted bulbs all winter long, admire your buds as much as your flowers, and enjoy not only the garden you have but the one you’re constantly planting and reshaping in your imagination.
Pass it on. I think I was born a gardener, but I got some important inspiration and encouragement along the way from my Grandma Billie, my dad (who helped me plant my first gardens), Sally Campbell (who paid me to do what I loved doing), Art Tucker (who opened my eyes to heirloom plants), and a host of other gardeners. You can pass that gift along, too, and – when I think of my four-year-old grandson excitedly showing me the flowers he asked his parents to buy him at the farmers’ market – I can promise you that giving it will bring you enormous joy, too.
That’s not all, of course, but I have to go. Happy gardening!
Crocus in the Lawn: 6 Are Now 1000
Our good customer Tom Duff of zone-6b Essex, Massachusetts, emailed us this spring with some happy news:
“After reading at your website about growing crocus in lawns, we planted 6 bulbs of Crocus tommasinanus 25 years ago. Now we’ve got a dense, 15-foot circle of them every spring, with some ranging up to 50 feet away from the originals. I’d say there’s at least 1000 of them.
“My mother-in-law tells me ants have been spreading the seeds, and she says it helps that we don’t spread lime or fertilizer. We always let the leaves have a few weeks to recharge the bulbs before we start mowing the area.
“I’m seeing it starting in the front yard now, too. Maybe 50 have ‘escaped’ there and spread up to 15 feet across the lawn in the last couple of springs.”
Thanks for sharing, Tom! And don’t you wish all of gardening was this easy?
Tommies are the key (since not all crocus set seed) and not mowing them for a few weeks after they bloom. You can order yours now for October delivery, and learn more at our “Crocus in the Lawn” page.
Learning from You: Beating the Lily Leaf Beetle with IPM
In our March newsletter, we published an article titled “If You Give a Friend a Lily” about our good customer Randy Merrill and her lily-obsessed friend Paul Siskind.
Soon after, Paul emailed us saying, “As part of my research on the red lily leaf beetle, I developed an IPM (Integrated Pest Management) approach for controlling it in a relatively safe manner” – and here it is. Thank you, Paul!
“Start early – The most important strategy is starting early, as soon as your lilies break dormancy. [We know it’s too late for that this year, but ….]
“Keep at it all season long – Controlling beetles and grubs throughout the season, even if your lilies look okay, will cut down on the beetles that attack them next year.
“Hand-picking is key – Though it may not be enough by itself, hand-picking is safer than using insecticides and it will reduce the amount of insecticide you need to use. Diligence and thoroughness are critical, especially in the first 4-6 weeks of the season. Try to hand-pick at least once a day then. After mid-season, this chore will lessen considerably.
“How to hand-pick – Fill a coffee mug half-way with soapy water. For beetles, slowly move the mug under the leaf that the beetle is on so that, when it startles and lets go, it falls into the mug. For grubs, which are slimy and difficult to squash, hold the mug under the leaf and flick the grub into it. For eggs and newly-hatched grubs, which are usually hidden on the underside of leaves, either run your fingers along the leaf blade to squash them or simply cut off the outer half of the leaf.
“Best pesticide – If you have a moderate to severe infestation, the most effective insecticide is spinosad, because it kills both beetles and grubs. However .…
“Avoid resistance – One of the principles of IPM is to prevent the pest from developing resistance to an insecticide. Thus, this method also calls for using neem oil. Even though neem oil kills only grubs (it repels beetles), it’s important to kill any grubs that might become resistant to spinosad.
“Use the RIGHT neem oil – Neem oil is extracted in two different ways, but only one works for lily leaf grubs. Unfortunately, alcohol-extracted neem oil – which is most common – contains only ‘clarified hydrophobic extracts of neem’ and lacks the grub-killing compound azadirachtin. What you need instead is cold-pressed neem oil which is sometimes listed as ‘pure’ neem oil.
“How to spray – As with any insecticide, use as little as necessary. Aim directly at the lily leaves only and avoid spraying the flowers. Avoid spraying when it’s windy or in midday sun which can cause leaf-burn.
“When to spray – At the beginning of the season, try to spray the lilies twice a week, once with spinosad and then a few days later with neem. On days you don’t spray, do your usual hand-picking. After 4-6 weeks, the beetles mostly stop laying eggs, and you should see a marked decline in the number of beetles and grubs. At this point, reduce spraying to once a week with spinosad. If you find some grubs, you can spot-spray with neem. Continue hand-picking.
“Diatomaceous earth – Although dusting with this is often recommended, my studies have shown that it’s not that effective. There’s no harm in using it, though, and it may help some.
“Deer repellent with clove oil – If you use deer repellent, choose one with clove oil because that seems to be at least somewhat effective in killing or at least repelling the beetles.
“Be patient and have faith – It might take a full season (or two) to subdue a bad infestation, but once it’s under control I think you’ll find it’s not that difficult to incorporate this IPM method into your normal gardening routine.”
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