Throughout our site, these treasures are highlighted with a green or purple bar and the word Rarest. Most you can’t get anywhere else in North America, and the rest you’d be very hard-pressed to find. That makes them extra-endangered — and extra-exciting in the garden.


Rarest for FALL Planting
Anne Frank daffodil, 1959 – with a vibrant heart, like Anne herself
April Queen daffodil, 1938 – bright, flame-kissed cup
Brilliancy daffodil, 1906 – luminous Arts-and-Crafts-era beauty
Broughshane daffodil, 1938 – amber-white Irish trumpet
Butter and Eggs daffodil, 1777 – the classic cottage-garden double
Conspicuus daffodil, 1869 – Victorian butterflies
Croesus daffodil, 1912 – gold and silver coins
Daphne daffodil, 1914 – ADS 2008 Best Historic Daffodil
Early Pearl daffodil, 1899 – early, fragrant, and luminous
Firebrand daffodil, 1897 – long creamy petals, fiery heart
Firetail daffodil, 1910 – is its cup truly RED?
Glory of Lisse daffodil, 1901 – one of the finest poets
Golden Spur daffodil, 1885 – extra-early Victorian trumpet
Henry Irving daffodil, 1885 – from Keukenhof’s parterre
Horace daffodil, 1894 – poet of carpe diem
Horn of Plenty daffodil, 1947 – long, dramatic bells
moschatus daffodil, 1604 – demurely nodding “Swan’s Neck”
Insulinde daffodil, 1921 – graceful, exuberant double
Jenny daffodil, 1943 – like miniature shooting stars
John Evelyn daffodil, 1920 – Copeland’s best?
Keats daffodil, 1968 – the weirdest daffodil we’ve ever grown
King Alfred daffodil, 1899 – true stock!
Louise de Coligny daffodil, 1940 – sweet-scented apricot beauty
Lucifer daffodil, 1890 – heavenly wings, devilish cup
Maximus, Trumpet Major daffodil, 1576 – loved for over 400 years!
Niveth daffodil, 1931 – Thalia’s elegant, uptown cousin
Orange Phoenix, Eggs & Bacon daffodil, 1731 – cottage-garden classic
Polar Ice daffodil, 1936 – too good to let go
Princeps daffodil, 1830 – graceful white and yellow wildling
Romance daffodil, 1959 – our most richly colored “pink”
Rose of May daffodil, 1950 – rose-like shape and fragrance
Stilton daffodil, 1909 – from the Golden Age of pheasant’s-eyes
Sulphur Phoenix, Codlins and Cream daffodil, 1820 – Butter and Egg’s cousin
Twink daffodil, 1925 – a classic southern double
Vireo daffodil, 1962 – the jonquil named for a green songbird
White Lady daffodil, 1897 – Victorian lady with a parasol
antique freesia, 1878 – super fragrant naturalizer
Byzantine gladiolus, 1629 – true stock!
Grand Blanche Imperiale hyacinth, 1798 – blush-white, 18th-century relic
Grand Monarque hyacinth, 1863 – lost and now found
King of the Blues hyacinth, 1863 – distinctively slim and dark
Marie hyacinth, 1860 – deepest indigo-purple
Menelik hyacinth, 1911 – black and beautiful
Mulberry Rose hyacinth, 1946 – raspberry ice cream
Perle Brilliante hyacinth, 1895 – lost and now found
Roman Blue hyacinth, 1562 – wildflowery, and it multiplies!
Roman Dark Blue hyacinth, 1597 – from the UK National Collection
Roman Pink hyacinth, 1573 – wildflowery, pink, and wonderful
Roman White hyacinth, 1597 – the rarest Roman of all
Vuurbaak hyacinth, 1948 – deepest rose
fern-leaf peony, 1765 – thread-like foliage, extra early
Absalon tulip, 1780 – chocolate and chestnut on gold
Archeron tulip, 1913 – strikingly dark garnet and rust
Bacchus Bontlof tulip, 1890 – wavy, cream-edged leaves
Black and White tulip, 1920 – dark flames on creamy white
Blondine tulip, 1956 – Do blondes really have more fun?
Blue Flag tulip, 1750 – like a lavender peony
Bridesmaid tulip, 1900 – slender cherry and ivory flame
Cerise Gris-de-Lin tulip, 1860 – rose, fawn and chocolate
Clara Butt tulip, 1889 – once the world’s favorite
Columbine tulip, 1929 – purple, lace-like tracery
Cottage Boy tulip, 1906 – spirited and painterly
Demeter tulip, 1932 – returns for years, vibrant rosy purple
Dillenburg tulip, 1916 – wonderfully fragrant
Dom Pedro tulip, 1906 – “undoubtedly the most attractive” brown tulip
Duchesse de Parma tulip, 1820 – much more than red and yellow
Duc van Tol Red and Yellow tulip, 1595 – ancient, landmark miniature
Duc van Tol Rose tulip, 1700 – tiny pink and white ballerina
Elegans Alba tulip, 1895 – fragrant vanilla
Elegans Rubra tulip, 1872 – stark simplicity
Elias Martin tulip, 1956 – like a pastel spring campfire
Elsie Eloff tulip, 1949 – pale butter yellow
Feu Ardent tulip, 1906 – “entrancing brown,” much older than 1906
General Ney tulip, 1837 – rich, dark cordovan brown
Golden Harvest tulip, 1928 – fresh, dewy yellow
clusiana tulip, 1607 – original WHITE & red
Insulinde tulip, 1914 – enjoy its enchanting transformation
James Wild tulip, 1890 – gloriously amber-brown
Jules Favres tulip, 1913 – fiery chestnut-bronze
Koh-I-Noor tulip, 1895 – dark, smoldering ruby
Lac van Rijn tulip, 1620 – ancient crown of purple-red and ivory
Mabel tulip, 1856 – barmaid’s delight?
Madras tulip, 1913 – golden-bronze and fragrant
Mirella tulip, 1953 – buff-rose and silvery pink
Mr. Van Der Hoef tulip, 1911 – big bowls of sunshine
Old Times tulip, 1905 – “garnet and primrose”
Orange Favorite tulip, 1930 – fragrant and artistically feathered
Philippe de Comines tulip, 1891 – dark mahogany
Prince Albert tulip, 1863 – lavender, pearl, and exceedingly rare
Prince of Austria tulip, 1860 – fragrant and enduring
Princess Elizabeth tulip, 1898 – “rose-pink with topaz lights”
Silver Standard tulip, 1760 – dazzling red on white
The Lizard tulip, 1903 – weird name, cool flower
Vulcan tulip, 1913 – ruddy relic named for . . . Spock?
Wapen van Leiden tulip, 1760 – did George Washington grow this?
Willemsoord tulip, 1930 – double, ruffled, carmine-rose and pearl
Willem van Oranje tulip, 1933 – Renoir coppery-peach
Zomerschoon tulip, 1620 – true relic of Tulipomania
Rarest for SPRING Planting
Andries’ Orange dahlia, 1936 – flower arranger’s delight
Arthur Hambley dahlia, 1955 – lavender-pink elephant
Clair de Lune dahlia, 1946 – elegant and wildflowery
Dixie’s Winedot dahlia, 1942 – from Clio, Michigan, to Stanford University
Fashion Monger dahlia, 1955 – stylish raspberry & cream
G.F. Hemerik dahlia, 1936 – bee-friendly dwarf
Glorie van Heemstede dahlia, 1947 – Zen-like simplicity
Golden Heart dahlia, 1955 – warm sunburst of beauty
Gypsy Girl dahlia, 1947 – lavender-pink with a confetti of rubies
Jane Cowl dahlia, 1928 – undulating bronze
Jersey’s Beauty dahlia, 1923 – the 20th century’s most celebrated
Lavender Chiffon dahlia, 1957 – cool, man, cool!
Little Robert dahlia, 1964 – pompon-sized and neon-bright
Mrs. I. De ver Warner dahlia, 1920 – saved by Kentucky farm family
Old Gold dahlia, 1947 – flickering like a bonfire
Preference dahlia, 1955 – peachy-pink with dark stems
Prince Noir dahlia, 1954 – ruffled, dark burgundy cactus
Requiem dahlia, 1952 – anything but somber
Rosemary Webb dahlia, 1956 – abundant, peony-like blooms
White Aster dahlia, 1879 – world’s oldest garden dahlia
Wisconsin Red dahlia, 1910? – pass-along ruby-red
York and Lancaster dahlia, 1915? – mysterious history
Baggette daylily, 1945 – cool lemon and old rose
lemon lily daylily, 1570 – fragrant daylily, true stock!
Bibi gladiolus, 1954 – vibrant “pink cheetahs”
Dauntless gladiolus, 1940 – Lauren Bacall in pink
Green Lace gladiolus, 1961 – daintily ruffled and cute as a button
Starface gladiolus, 1960 – rapturously beautiful
Blue Shimmer iris, 1941 – elaborately “peppered” with lavender
Edward of Windsor iris, 1945 – mesmerizing color, by artist Cedric Morris
Quechee iris, 1947 – as seen at the Chelsea Flower Show
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